- Basic Requirements
- Training and Education
- Other Qualifications
The minimum education required to become a firefighter is a high school diploma or equivalent, although many firefighters have some college education. Some firefighters may also have a degree in fire science.
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Although firefighters typically need at least a high school diploma, many firefighters have completed some college, and some firefighters have an associate or bachelor’s degree. To be a firefighter, you must be physically fit and pass a written exam. Some firefighters have previous experience as a seasonal firefighter, volunteer firefighter, or emergency medical technician (EMT).
Must be at least 18 years old
In order to become a firefighter, you must meet the basic requirements. You must be at least 18 years old and have a high school diploma or equivalent. You will also need to pass a physical examination and have a valid driver’s license. Some fire departments may require you to have completed some college coursework, but this is not always necessary.
Must have a high school diploma or equivalent
In order to become a firefighter, you must have a high school diploma or equivalent. You will also need to complete an accredited fire science program and obtain a certificate or degree in fire science.
Training and Education
Becoming a firefighter requires completing a fire academy or a college degree in fire science, as well as passing written, physical, and medical exams. Some firefighters may also choose to get certified in CPR and fire safety.
Must complete a fire academy program
All firefighters must complete a fire academy program. During this time, they receive training in fire suppression, emergency medical services, hazardous materials response, and rescue operations. Some programs last up to two years, and firefighters may be required to live at the academy during their training.
Must have certification in CPR and first aid
All firefighters must have certification in CPR and first aid. Many departments require certification in hazmat operations as well. Firefighters must also complete a fire academy training program, which typically takes about 12 weeks. Some two-year colleges offer degree programs in fire science that can help firefighters move up the ranks to become fire marshals or fire inspectors.
In some cases, firefighters may be able to substitute experience for education. Some departments may require firefighters to have a certain amount of experience in the fire service or a related field before being hired.
Must have a valid driver’s license
In order to become a firefighter, you must have a valid driver’s license. You will also need to have a high school diploma or equivalent. Some firefighters may also have an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in fire science or a related field.
Must be physically fit
Becoming a firefighter requires completing an accredited fire academy program. Some aspiring firefighters may choose to complete an associate or bachelor’s degree in fire science, although this is not always necessary. Many firefighters have postsecondary degrees in other fields, such as emergency management or public administration.
Once you have completed the necessary education, you will need to pass a written exam and a physical fitness test. You will also need to have a clean criminal record and undergo a background check. Some firefighters may need to complete additional training once they are hired, such as hazardous materials training or emergency medical training.
Must be able to pass a background check
All firefighters must be at least 18 years old and have a high school diploma or equivalent. Many firefighters have some college education, and some have a bachelor’s or higher degree in fire science or a related field.
All firefighters must complete a state-approved training program and earn certification from the National Fire Protection Association as a Firefighter I and II. Some firefighters may choose to specialize in areas such as arson investigation, hazardous materials, or fire safety education.
In addition, all firefighters must be able to pass a physical examination, which includes a stress test, to demonstrate that they are physically fit enough to perform the demanding duties of the job.